艾伦·邓德斯

    艾伦·邓德斯(Alan Dundes)是加州大学伯克利分校的民俗学家。他被描述为“在帮助塑造现代民间文学艺术方面广受赞誉”,并且“是世界上最受尊敬和最具影响力的民间文学家之一”,他写了12本书,无论是学术著作还是流行著作,并编辑或合着了两本新书。

艾伦·邓德斯(Alan Dundes)名言

My own bias in folkloristics is decidedly psychoanalytic. I believe that the vast majority of folklore concerns fantasy, and because of that, I am persuaded that techniques of analyzing fantasy are relevant to folklore data.

我自己对民俗学的偏见显然是精神分析的。我相信绝大多数的民俗学都与幻想有关,正因为如此,我相信分析幻想的技巧与民俗学数据有关。

艾伦·邓德斯

It is important to recognize that folklore is not simply a way of obtaining available date about identity for social scientists; it is actually one of the principal means by which an individual and a group discovers or establishes his or its identity.

重要的是要认识到,民俗不仅仅是一种获取社会科学家身份资料的方式;它实际上是个人和群体发现或确立其身份的主要手段之一。

艾伦·邓德斯

There can be no self without other, no identity of group A without a group B.

没有别人就没有自我,没有B组就没有A组的身份。

艾伦·邓德斯

In the light of our culture, these are not unreasonable questions and tactics, but if once again, we try to see the lens through which we look, we can see that there is far too great an emphasis placed on the future.

从我们的文化来看,这些都不是不合理的问题和策略,但是如果我们再一次试图看到我们所看到的镜头,我们可以看到,对未来的强调太多了。

艾伦·邓德斯

I mentioned that one of the tripartite formulas in American worldview involves time: past, present, and future.

我提到美国世界观中的三个公式之一涉及时间:过去、现在和未来。

艾伦·邓德斯

There is more to folklore research than fieldwork. This is why in all of my other upper-division courses I require a term paper involving original research.

民俗学研究远不止田野调查。这就是为什么在我所有的其他高年级课程中,我都需要一份涉及原始研究的学期论文。

艾伦·邓德斯

The class has become over the years fairly large, running to three hundred or more, but I always insist upon reading all the student folklore collections myself. Although this is a tall order, I look forward to it because I learn so much from it.

这些年来,这个班已经相当大了,有三百多人,但我一直坚持自己去读所有的学生民间文学作品集。虽然这是一个艰巨的任务,我期待着它,因为我从中学到了很多。

艾伦·邓德斯

Their term project consists of a fieldwork collection of folklore that they create by interviewing family members, friends, or anyone they can manage to persuade to serve as an informant.

他们的学期项目包括一个田野调查收集民间传说,他们通过采访家庭成员,朋友,或任何他们能说服的人作为线人。

艾伦·邓德斯