斯瓦米纳坦

    Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan是一位印度遗传学家和管理者,他在印度绿色革命中的作用而闻名,绿色革命是一个种植小麦和水稻高产品种的计划。斯瓦米纳坦被称为“印度绿色革命之父”,因为他在引进和进一步开发高产品种方面发挥了重要作用。获奖:世界粮食奖、英迪拉·甘地奖、阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦世界科学奖。

斯瓦米纳坦(M. S. Swaminathan)名言

The construction of permanent sea walls can be taken up only in places where there is sea erosion due to heavy anthropogenic pressures. The locations for such non-living barriers should be determined on the basis of a carefully conducted erosion-vulnerability analysis.

永久性海堤的建造只能在人为压力过大造成海蚀的地方进行. 此类非生物屏障的位置应基于仔细进行的侵蚀-脆弱性分析来确定.

斯瓦米纳坦

Wireless technology has completely revolutionized information transmission and exchange in India. If you go in the coastal areas, small-scale fishermen who go out in small boats, they now carry a cellphone, which has GPS data on wave heights, where the fish are, et cetera.

无线技术彻底改变了印度的信息传输和交换方式. 如果您在沿海地区,小型渔民乘小船外出,他们现在会携带一部手机,该手机具有GPS数据,可显示海浪高度,鱼类等.

斯瓦米纳坦

Floods will become more serious and frequent in the Indo-Gangetic plains. Drought induced food and water scarcity will become more acute. South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and the small islands will be the worst victims.

在印度恒河平原,洪水将变得更加严重和频繁. 干旱引起的食物和水短缺将更加严重. 南亚,撒哈拉以南非洲和小岛屿将是最严重的受害者.

斯瓦米纳坦

Farmers in rain-fed, dry areas such as Vidarbha and parts of Andhra Pradesh may own several hectares of land but their farm produce depends on the vagaries of the monsoon.

雨养,干旱地区(如维达尔巴(Vidarbha)和安得拉邦(Andhra Pradesh)的部分地区)的农民可能拥有数公顷的土地,但是他们的农产品取决于季风的变化.

斯瓦米纳坦

Most pesticides lose their efficacy after a few years, because of pest resistance to pesticides. This is why companies go on changing the varieties.

由于对农药的害虫抵抗力,多数农药在几年后丧失了功效. 这就是公司继续改变品种的原因.

斯瓦米纳坦

There are two major challenges before Indian agriculture today: ecological and economical. The conservation of our basic agricultural assets such as land, water, and biodiversity is a major challenge. How to make agriculture sustainable is the challenge.

今天,印度农业面临两大挑战:生态挑战和经济挑战. 保护我们的基本农业资产(例如土地,水和生物多样性)是一项重大挑战. 如何使农业可持续发展是挑战.

斯瓦米纳坦

Agriculture can trigger job-led economic growth, provided it becomes intellectually satisfying and economically rewarding.

农业可以触发以工作为导向的经济增长,只要它在智力上令人满意并在经济上有所回报.

斯瓦米纳坦

See, technology can advance yield and productivity, but only public policy can advance the income of farmers. There has to be a synergy between technology and public policy.

可以看到,技术可以提高产量和生产力,但是只有公共政策才能提高农民的收入. 技术与公共政策之间必须有协同作用.

斯瓦米纳坦