巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

    巴里·朱利安·艾森格林是美国经济学家,拥有乔治·C·帕迪和海伦·N·帕迪经济学和政治学教授的头衔,自1987年起在加州大学伯克利分校任教。获奖:美国和加拿大古根海姆社会科学奖学金(1999年)

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林(Barry Eichengreen)名言

The 24% unemployment reached at the depths of the Great Depression was no picnic.

在大萧条最严重的时候达到24%的失业率可不是一件轻松的事。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

Why was there so much work-sharing in the 1930s? One reason is that government pushed for it. In his memoirs, President Herbert Hoover estimated that as many as two million workers avoided unemployment as a result of his efforts to promote work-sharing.

为什么在20世纪30年代有这么多的工作分享?一个原因是政府推动的。赫伯特·胡佛总统在回忆录中估计,由于他努力促进工作分担,多达200万工人避免了失业。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

Southern Europe has not done enough to enhance its competitiveness, while northern Europe has not done enough to boost demand. Debt burdens remain crushing, and Europe's economy remains unable to grow.

南欧在提升竞争力方面做得不够,而北欧在提振需求方面做得不够。债务负担依然沉重,欧洲经济依然无法增长。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

Across the continent, political divisions are deepening. For all of these reasons, the specter of a euro zone collapse has not been dispatched.

在整个非洲大陆,政治分歧正在加深。由于所有这些原因,欧元区崩溃的幽灵尚未散去。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

The consequences of a collapse would not be pretty. Whichever country precipitated it - Germany by threatening to abandon the euro, or Greece or Spain by actually doing so - would trigger economic chaos and incur its neighbours' wrath.

崩塌的后果将不太好。不管是哪个国家促成了这场危机——德国威胁要放弃欧元,还是希腊或西班牙实际放弃欧元——都会引发经济混乱,招致邻国的愤怒。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

As for the single market, the E.U.'s landmark achievement, there is no question that a euro zone breakup would severely disrupt its operation in the short run.

至于单一市场,欧盟的里程碑式成就,毫无疑问,欧元区解体将在短期内严重扰乱其运作。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

Every day it seems more likely that we are destined - or should one say doomed? - to replay the disastrous economic history of the 1930s.

每一天,我们似乎都更有可能是命中注定的——或者说是命中注定的重演1930年代灾难性的经济史。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林

Political union means transferring the prerogatives of national legislatures to the European parliament, which would then decide how to structure Europe's fiscal, banking, and monetary union.

政治联盟意味着将国家立法机构的特权移交给欧洲议会,然后由议会决定如何构建欧洲财政、银行和货币联盟。

巴里·朱利安·艾森格林